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Gastric bypass surgery performed by remote control

Sunday, August 21, 2005

A robotic system at Stanford Medical Center was used to perform a laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery successfully with a theoretically similar rate of complications to that seen in standard operations. However, as there were only 10 people in the experimental group (and another 10 in the control group), this is not a statistically significant sample.

If this surgical procedure is as successful in large-scale studies, it may lead the way for the use of robotic surgery in even more delicate procedures, such as heart surgery. Note that this is not a fully automated system, as a human doctor controls the operation via remote control. Laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery is a treatment for obesity.

There were concerns that doctors, in the future, might only be trained in the remote control procedure. Ronald G. Latimer, M.D., of Santa Barbara, CA, warned “The fact that surgeons may have to open the patient or might actually need to revert to standard laparoscopic techniques demands that this basic training be a requirement before a robot is purchased. Robots do malfunction, so a backup system is imperative. We should not be seduced to buy this instrument to train surgeons if they are not able to do the primary operations themselves.”

There are precedents for just such a problem occurring. A previous “new technology”, the electrocardiogram (ECG), has lead to a lack of basic education on the older technology, the stethoscope. As a result, many heart conditions now go undiagnosed, especially in children and others who rarely undergo an ECG procedure.

PostHeaderIcon Options To Sell Toner In Nassau County, Ny

byAlma Abell

If you own a printer, you may at some point have wondered what to do with your used toner cartridges. While your first instinct may be to throw them away, you should reconsider this since you can actually make money by selling empty toner cartridges, especially if do not fancy the idea of refilling. If you do not know where to Sell Toner in Nassau County, NY you can consider the following options.

Online Companies

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There are quite a number of reliable online companies that buy empty toner cartridges while also handling shipment. These include TonerBuyer and ECycle Group, which pay about $3 for low-end cartridges and over $20 for expensive models. It is not difficult to sell on these platforms because all you are required to do is fill out online forms, after which you will receive a pre-paid shipping label and instructions requiring you to include a packaging slip listing what you have. You will also get a notification upon receipt of your package and be paid within 21 days. Store Credit ,to know more visit City Supply inc Another option you can explore with regard to selling your empty toner cartridges is taking them to manufacturer stores, which can give you a discount on a new cartridge or pay you for the empty one. Some of the stores you can explore include:

* Office Depot: This store gives $2 in recycling reward points for every cartridge recycled with a maximum of 10 toners monthly. Upon earning more than $10 in reward points, you are issued a certificate that can be redeemed on any item in the store.

* Staples: At this store, you are given $2 store credit per cartridge with up to 10 cartridges monthly provided you have spent a minimum of $30 on either toner or ink within the past six months.

* Office Max: This store rewards you for every good cartridge you bring them with payments ranging according to the outlet you visit. The payments range from $2 per cartridge to a maximum of $20 monthly.

Given all the options you can explore when you decide to Sell Toner in Nassau County, NY, you could also take your empty cartridges to recycling centers within the city or also check out Citysupplyusa.com, a reputable company that pays well for any cartridge model.

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500 stranded melon-headed whales rescued in Philippine bay

Saturday, February 14, 2009

Philippine fishermen, volunteers and authorities with dozens of fishing boats have joined hands in guiding back to sea about 500 disorientated melon-headed whales that were stranded in the shallow waters near the mouth of Manila Bay delta in the Bataan Peninsula.

The gentle mammals were first spotted swimming back and forth and straying very dangerously close (about a mile or 1.6 kilometers) to the shores of the coastal towns of Pilar, Orion and Abucay 135 kilometers northwest of Manila at around at around 4:00 am on Tuesday, said Philippine Coast Guard (PCG) Commodore Luis Tuazon and Bataan Governor Enrique Garcia Jr.

The Philippines Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) said its has responded to the reported mass “stranding” of whales off Pilar coastal waters in the province of Bataan where the famous and historic Corregidor Island is located.

Using dozens of fishing boats with machines shut down and bare hands, more than 100 village fishermen and volunteers along with BFAR, local police and Philippine Coast Guard personnel have joined the massive rescue. With great difficulty, the emergency team has waded into the chest-deep water, clapping their hands and hitting the surface to guide and drive the whales farther away from the coastal shore to deeper waters.

“The mammals were at first thought to have been dolphins, but experts then identified them as melon-headed whales,” local veterinarian Mariel Flores said. “This type of whale can be easily mistaken for dolphins because of their size and their teeth, which resemble those of dolphins. The mammals have ears that are sensitive to large changes in pressure underwater,” she added.

This type of [melon-headed] whale can be easily mistaken for dolphins because of their size and their teeth, which resemble those of dolphins. If their eardrums are damaged they become disorientated and they float up to the surface.

“It looked like they never wanted to leave. They looked sad,” said Rodolfo Joson, a village councilor. Joson and his son, Joey, a fisherman like him, have rushed home at about 4 a.m. to report the pod sighting. “It was still dark when we waded into the water. The whales were about 200 meters from the shore. The water was up to my neck. We first checked their conditions by playing with them. They did not repel us or leave. They were making hooting sounds,” Joson explained the mass beaching. “It seemed they were running away from waters that they didn’t like. Dolphins are happy and strong creatures. They raced with ships,” he added.

A post-mortem examination has revealed that four dead whales found beached farther up north in Abucay, Bataan, include two adult females, one of which was pregnant, while the other gave birth to a calf that also died, said Dr. Lemnuel Aragones of Ocean Adventure in Subic Freeport who did the necropsy at the Bataan fisheries office in Balanga City.

This is the first time that such large numbers of dolphins had been stranded in the Philippines. “We are trying to come up with a possible explanation to this unusual occurrence. It could be that the dolphins had lost their bearings and inadvertently ended up on the shallow portion of the coast unable to extricate themselves,” said Dr Lemuel Aragones, Associate Professor at the UP Institute of Environmental Science and Meteorology.

Dr Aragones, who holds a PhD on Tropical Environmental Studies (Marine Ecology) from Australia’s James Cook University, explained that “the melon-headed whales of the dolphin family have sophisticated navigation systems that operate on a principle similar to sonar instruments used in submarines. Like humans, dolphins also follow a ‘leader’ of their pod. It is possible that the leader of this dolphin [pod] had somehow lost its way. In turn, the leader’s acoustic system, which serves as its guidance system, might have been impaired,” the marine expert elaborated.

Dr Aragones said “BFAR, UPIESM, and the Ocean Adventure Marine Park in Subic started the Philippine Marine Mammals Stranding Network (PMMSN) in 2005 as a response to cetacean strandings or beachings.” She cited the PMMSN training received by BFAR officers in Bataan during Tuesday’s mass beaching. She has asked the government to release funds for marine mammal studies.

The two adults had damaged eardrums, Alberto Venturina, the provincial veterinarian, said. “Dolphins with injured eardrums become disoriented, cannot dive for food and are too weak to swim and just flow with the current. If it’s a sick leader, the animal needs to be identified and taken out of sight of the rest of the pod so the healthy dolphins could be prodded back to sea,” he added.”The two animals were identified as melon-headed dolphins, weighing about 250 to 300 kilograms (550 to 660 pounds),” explained Venturina, adding “the third dolphin was only a month old and measured barely a meter long. Its gender had not yet been determined.”

According to Nelson Bien, head of the Fisheries Resource and Management Division of BFAR Region III, a necropsy by BFAR, the provincial veterinarian, and veterinarians from the Ocean Adventure in Subic Freeport has traced the cause of their death to drowning.

The marine doctors have determined that the marine mammals might have drowned after failing to extricate themselves from the fishing nets or “baklad,” explained Dr. Mundita Lim, director of the Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau (PAWB) of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR). “There were no injuries to their ears, like visible lesions, but the possibility of an acoustic problem or trauma is still there,” Dr Lim explained, saying, “more tests, like analysis of tissue samples and MRI tests will have to be done to see if there were other injuries to the animals not visible externally.”

They are sending tissue samples to the University of Philippines in Los Baños, Laguna for analysis. “If it was something like climate change, then it would be a bigger environmental problem,” Lim added.

A fourth and pregnant one was also found dead in the village of Tortugas in the town of Balanga, Bataan, said Bien, saying they were investigating the incident and would conduct a “water quality and water parameter test” to determine why the dolphins beached to shallow waters. The condition of melon-headed whale found at Talisay River and taken to Ocean Adventure in Subic Freeport has improved amid forced feeding and treatment of its 2 wounds, said Nilo Ramoso, Biologist III, Pawikan Conservation Project.

Dr. Westly Rosario, BFAR Center chief in Dagupan City, has reported that BFAR personnel were also investigating a “problem in the water, probably chemical pollution,” to explain why the dolphins beached and sought shelter in the shallow waters. The dolphins have faced the same direction and their blowholes above water, they seemed to be avoiding something. “The dolphins were behaving in the same way, they have the same action. People were trying to drive them back into the sea but they refused. There could be chemical pollution somewhere which they were avoiding,” Rosario explained.

Dolphins’ disorientation is sometimes caused by the changes in earth’s magnetic field “that cause the dolphins’ navigational mechanisms to go haywire,” Dr. Edgardo Gomez, professor emeritus of the University of the Philippines Marine Science Institute, said, adding that “it could also be chemicals in the water that affected the dolphins, although this should be proven by water tests.” Philippine marine biologist Rizza Salinas said a possible cause for the stranding of large pods of distressed whales is that there could have been illegal dynamite fishing in the area.

“This is very strange. What is also unusual is they appeared disoriented. I am on my way to Bataan on board BFAR’s patrol vessel. We will look into the situation. Our patrol boats are also on their way to the area. We are also getting experts on stranding,” said BFAR director Malcolm Sarmiento Jr. Sarmiento, explaining that the highest number of stranded dolphins recorded by the BFAR was only 20 to 30. “It’s something unusual. It’s the first time that such a large pod has entered Manila Bay, and is acting strangely,” Sarmiento added.

“Most strandings are caused by seaquakes, heat wave or disturbances at sea. Such disturbances affect the pressure underwater, which subsequently affects the dolphins’ eardrums and sense of balance, leading to their “disorientation.” The creatures then will avoid diving in deeper parts of the ocean and will swim to shallow areas. They came from the north and were headed towards the South China Sea,” Sarmiento explained, adding that the unusual occurrence may have also been caused when the pod could have been following a sick or injured leader.

Sarmiento has appealed to the public not to inflict harm on the dolphins, which are considered threatened species. “Please do not harm the dolphins because they are already endangered. The authorities should also prevent the people who want to inflict harm on the creatures. They should be arrested, if needed.” Melon-head dolphins are considered threatened species — meaning they are likely to become endangered in the future.

“At around 12 noon, the dolphins were finally guided to the open seas, but residents in Hermosa near Mariveles were surprised to see the dolphins near their shoreline, but around 4:30 pm, all the dolphins have left the shoreline and swam towards into deeper waters,” said Governor Garcia.

“The dolphins swam parallel back to Abucay, Hermosa, and Manila Bay before they were eventually herded farther offshore. There are theories that this phenomenon was a result of the Monday night lunar eclipse. The Fisheries Bureau will know after their tests,” Garcia added.

Having suspected the dolphins’ habitat must have been disrupted, forcing them to flee and seek refuge in shallow waters, Senate of the Philippines Majority Leader, Juan Miguel Zubiri on Tuesday asked experts to probe the cause of the sudden appearance of more than 300 electra dolphins near the shores of Pilar town in Bataan province Tuesday morning.

Senator Zubiri wanted the experts to examine the possibility that an earthquake study, involving an undersea experiment using blasting in the South China Sea by the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (L-DEO) – a collaborator of Columbia University – caused the abnormal behavior of the small whales.

Citing an International Union for Conservation of Nature research concluding that the melon-headed whales may have been distracted by the South China Sea study, forcing the dolphins to wander in the shallow waters, Senator Zubiri said that “the earthquake study is a sea floor investigation project in the exclusive economic zone that includes Taiwan, China, Japan and the Philippines for its earthquake research. On top of saving stranded dolphins, we should find the cause for the tragedy in order to avoid them in the future and to be prepared when it occurs again,” he explained.

But according to Erlinton Olavare, Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) science research specialist, “no significant event was recorded by their stations in Bolinao, Sta. Cruz and Lubag, near Pilar at the time the dolphins were stranded Tuesday.”

Department of Environment and Natural Resources Secretary Jose L. Atienza, Jr. said Bataan Gov. Enrique “Tet” Garcia on Wednesday confirmed there was dynamite fishing in his province. “I asked him [Garcia] and he confirmed it. He also said he was battling this illegal activity,” said Atienza. “The causes of the acoustic trauma could have been sound waves caused by dynamite fishing or sounds emitted by passing ships or seaquakes,” Gov. Garcia said.

“Dolphins are a ‘cohesive’ group and that they follow where their leader takes them. If the leader of the dolphins was sick, then the animal could have committed a “navigational error” and led the rest of the group to shore,” said the Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society (WDCS).

“The pod of melon-headed whales (dolphins) on Manila Bay were injured by a rather nasty group of more than 120 undersea earthquakes. The swarm started with a small magnitude-4.5 event on December 21, 2008. Things got red-hot on January 3, 2009 when a magnitude-7.6 event erupted near the water’s edge on Papua Island in Indonesia, 700 miles southeast of Davao City in Mindanao. The 7.6 magnitude quake was followed by more than 120 major aftershocks each one capable by itself of inflicting injury on a pod of dolphins,” said Capt. David Williams, a retired marine mammal researcher, a commercial sea captain for 40 years and active whale conservationist.

Capt. Williams explained that whales and dolphins have small air sacs (pterygoid sinuses) that surround each inner ear and help then sense sound direction underwater. A damaged pterygoid air sac results in the loosing of echonavigation and echolocation. “In summary, my Seaquake Theory indicates that barotrauma, as a result of exposure to potent earthquake-induced changes in ambient pressure, solves the centuries-old mystery of why whales and dolphins mass-strand on beaches around the world,” Capt. Williams concluded.

An explosive blast and explosive decompression create a pressure wave that can induce barotrauma. The difference in pressure between internal organs and the outer surface of the body causes injuries to internal organs that contain gas, such as the lungs, gastrointestinal tract, and ear.

According to the Natural History Museum experts, whale and dolphins can become confused, mis-read the Earth’s magnetic fields, fear certain sounds and get lost. Since 1913, it has investigated all strandings, more than 11,000 so far, and it runs the UK Whale and Dolphin Stranding Scheme.

New Zealand‘s Project Jonah has claimed that the largest recorded beach stranding was in 1918 when 1,000 pilot whales were stranded on New Zealand’s Chatham Islands.

The last mass beaching in the Philippines was in 1956 when around 12 sperm whales were stranded in a coastal area in Capiz, amid at least 10 yearly strandings that happened in the country involving only one or two animals that were either sick or dying.

Last January this year, Filipino fishermen have also rescued an endangered sea cow. The fishermen aided the beached sea cow to the deep sea, according to the Worldwide Fund for Nature.

The Melon-headed whale (Peponocephala electra; many-toothed blackfish and electra dolphin) is a cetacean of the oceanic dolphin family (Delphinidae). As small members of the dolphingroup, it is closely related to the Pygmy Killer Whale and Pilot Whale, and collectively these dolphin species are known by the common name blackfish.

The tender mammal can grow up to 2.7 meters (9 feet) and weigh as much as 210 kilograms (460pounds). With black triangular “mask” on its face, it appears dark gray to black in color, has no discernible beak and its head is shaped like a rounded melon, thus the name. Its primary diet is squid and fish. The Melon-headed whale lives well off-shore in all the world’s tropical and sub-tropical oceans.

At the northern fringes of its range it may also be found in the warm currents of temperate waters. Ordinarily, however, it is found beyond the continental shelf between 20° S and 20° N. The Melon-headed whale is widespread throughout the world’s tropical waters, although not often seen by humans on account of its preference for deep water. It has been found in Ireland, Hawaii and Cebu, in the Philippines.

As social species, they are covered by the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 in the United States. In July 2004, between 150 and 200 melon-headed whales occupied the shallow waters of Kauai island in Hawaii for over 28 hours, after which, they were rescued and guided to deeper water. This incident may have been related to nearby United States Navy sonar exercise.

The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) which includes the melon-headed whales in its Red List of threatened species said that the number of whales involved in mass stranding had increased in the last 30 years.

“The melon-headed whales are likely to be “vulnerable” to loud sounds, such as those generated by navy sonar and seismic exploration. Evidence from stranded whales also has indicated that they may have died after swallowing plastic items. It has been predicted that the whales will be affected by global climate change, but the impact is still unclear,” the IUCN explained.

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‘Big Brother’ contestant Parker Somerville sounds off about the show and his aspirations

Tuesday, March 25, 2008

In the past two months, Parker Somerville, a videographer for the website TMZ.com, transitioned from an average guy leading an ordinary life, to living in an extraordinary voyeuristic existence, and back again to the beginning. Simply put, it was a transition from reality to reality, with a two-week detour in reality television. Somerville was a former contestant on the CBS reality TV staple Big Brother, currently in its ninth installment.

Evicted on Day 14, Somerville hoped to have another chance to play the game, but came in second in the special “America’s Choice” poll to bring back a former HouseGuest (the poll results were eventually not used at all and nobody was brought back). Now freed from a three-week sequester, Somerville was interviewed by Wikinews reporter Mike Halterman and he discussed his thoughts on Big Brother, how he and his fellow HouseGuests were portrayed and received, and what he plans to do now that his experience is, for the most part, over.

Somerville will return to Big Brother on finale night in five weeks. Please check your local listings for time and channel. Big Brother airs on CBS in the United States, Global in Canada, and E4 in the United Kingdom.

Contents

  • 1 Starting in reality
  • 2 “The detour”
  • 3 Coming full circle back to reality
  • 4 Sources

PostHeaderIcon Reasons To Visit An Acupuncture Clinic For Treating Chronic Pain

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byAlma Abell

Chronic pain is difficult to live with as it can interfere with almost every aspect of life. Many people with chronic pain are not able to sleep at night and they may have to take strong pain relievers to get through their day. Unfortunately, taking some pain relievers can lead to other issues, such as addiction to prescription drugs and, depending on the pain reliever, liver or stomach damage may occur. However, there are alternative methods to ease chronic pain, including massage therapy, chiropractic care and acupuncture.

While many people may not have considered a visit to an Acupuncture Clinic to deal with their pain issues, most that do are impressed with the results and they may continue to use this alternative form of medicine to deal with their pain. Although acupuncture may not completely replace using pain medications, in many cases it can help reduce their use. Acupuncture has been used for thousands of years to treat various ailments in China, including chronic pain, but modern medicine has often scoffed at its use. Now, many physicians are seeing its benefits and recommend to some of their patients.

Some medical clinics across the country are integrating alternative medicines, like acupuncture, with modern medicine to help their patients. For people reluctant to try acupuncture because they think they have to visit an Acupuncture Clinic run by unlicensed practitioners, places like Allegheny Medical can help change their image of acupuncture and other alternative medicines. Acupuncture may not be the only treatment for their pain as these types of clinics integrate many forms of medicine to help treat their patients. Chronic pain sufferers may also benefit either from physical therapy or massage therapy, as well as using pain relievers and acupuncture.

By receiving acupuncture treatments, people may be able to avoid drastic treatments such as surgery to try to relieve their pain. Acupuncture treatments can also be the answer if prescription medications no longer help to cut through the pain and provide relief. In most states, acupuncturists have to be accredited, so it is important to find one who is certified in the practice of acupuncture. You can visit them on Facebook or Twitter.

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Athletes prepare for 2012 Summer Paralympics at the Paralympic Fitness Centre

Monday, August 27, 2012

London, England — As Paralympians ready for the Games which are set to open later this week, they have access to a world class fitness center inside the Paralympic Village which is designed to maximise their pre-Game preparations.

According to volunteers staffing the center, instead of being a single large room, as in Beijing, the building has numerous rooms. It, along with the adjacent Village Services Centre, is designed to be converted into a school after the games conclude. Rooms have been structured as a gym, an auditorium, and science laboratories.

Gym equipment is supplied by Technogym, an Italian firm that has supplied gym equipment for the Olympics since 2000. Equipment has been provided not just for for the Fitness Centre, but for gyms at all the Olympic venues. The newest equipment is oriented toward maximum flexibility, allowing athletes to exercise the particular muscles that they most require for their sport.

In addition to the equipment, the Fitness Centre also provides instructors trained in the use of the equipment, the likes of which athletes from many countries have never seen before. There are also a number of instructors available to provide motivational training.

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News briefs:January 11, 2008

Contents

  • 1 Wikinews News Brief 01-11-2008 01:20 UTC
  • 2 Introduction
  • 3 Events of worldwide notability, military action, disasters etc.
    • 3.1 At least 24 killed in suicide bombing in Pakistan
    • 3.2 Alabama father throws children in river
    • 3.3 British troops may have received contaminated blood from American donors
    • 3.4 George Bush arrives in Middle East
    • 3.5 Pentagon releases video of incident involving Iranian ships in Persian Gulf
    • 3.6 China has plan to obtain North Korea’s nuclear weapons
    • 3.7 Hezbollah network Al-Manar available to wider international audience
  • 4 Non-disastrous local events with notable impact and dead celebrities
    • 4.1 Moderate earthquake strikes off the Oregon coast, US
    • 4.2 Hollywood “Mayor” Johnny Grant dead at 84
    • 4.3 China bans free plastic bags
    • 4.4 John McCain and Hillary Clinton win New Hampshire primaries
    • 4.5 Canupa Gluha Mani speaks about Lakota Oyate, Lakota freedom
  • 5 Business, commerce and academia
    • 5.1 Singapore Airlines bid for China Eastern Airlines unsuccessful
    • 5.2 Apple to lower UK iTunes prices
  • 6 Arts and culture
    • 6.1 Global premiere of Lordi horror movie Dark Floors next month in Oulu, Finland
  • 7 Frivolities and trivia
    • 7.1 Fourteen days left to send National Geographic your shoe for world record
    • 7.2 Dr. Phil’s consultation meant to be private: Spears family
  • 8 Footer

[edit]

PostHeaderIcon Let A Massachusetts Bankruptcy Lawyer Help With Tax Debt So You May Obtain Some Relief

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byAlma Abell

If you are struggling under the burden of tax debt, you may feel you have no place to turn. Most individuals believe tax debt cannot be discharged in bankruptcy. This isn’t always the case. You should Let Massachusetts Bankruptcy Lawyer Help with Tax Debt. When you do so, you’ll find certain tax debts may be discharged and others may not. Knowing the difference between the two is key when you are overwhelmed, and the attorney works to explain how you can obtain some much needed relief. You’ll feel better once you have spoken to someone who has experience in this area and can steer you in the right direction.

When you Let Massachusetts Bankruptcy Lawyer Help with Tax Debt, you’ll learn about how you . The rules for what type of tax debt may be discharged also differ by the type of bankruptcy selected, which is why legal counsel becomes essential.

When you need to discharge tax debt, it is likely that you will be advised to file for chapter 7. Filing isn’t enough, however, You need to meet a number of conditions before the qualifying tax debt days prior to the bankruptcy filing, is in play. There is an exception to this in that the IRS may not have assessed the debt yet. In this situation, you may discharge federal income tax.

Contact an experienced tax attorney today. Bankruptcy is designed to assist with financial difficulties. You don’t want to file only to learn you missed something and have to pay more than you needed to. This is one time you don’t want to save money and try to handle your bankruptcy case on your own.

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Wikinews interviews specialists on South Korea military parade

Sunday, October 6, 2013

On Tuesday, South Korea staged a huge military parade to mark its armed forces’ 65th anniversary in a display of long-range missiles considered a direct threat to North Korea. 11,000 troops and 190 different weapons systems were on display in the parade. Wikinews interviewed several specialists about the parade’s possible significance.

PostHeaderIcon 3 Bolts To Keep On Hand For All Basic Repairs

byAlma Abell

Having a variety of different fasteners and tools around the house is a great way to be able to cut down on the cost of repairs. In many cases with just a few bolts and a few basic tools you can repair virtually anything. While you can spend a lot of money and buy those sample packs of fasteners, a better option is to just have on hand three different types of bolts. New York City hardware and fastener supply stores will have several different designs ofbolts, allowing you to decide which ones will best suit your repair needs.

Carriage Bolts

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Carriage bots are very easy to spot and have a distinctive style. They are usually a larger bolt with a round head that is slightly convex in shape, giving the appearance of a slight dome when mounted flush with a surface. In addition the carriage bolt has a square section beneath the head and a space below that that is not treaded. The square part under the head locks the bolt in place when inserted into a round or a square hole. These bolts require a pre-drilled hole and will be kept in place using a nut. They are perfect for larger projects.

Lag Bolts

As a universal repair item it is essential to have a few different sizes of lag bolts. New York City hardware stores or specialty fastener stores may also call these lag screws. They are similar to the carriage bolt except the head is a hexagon and there is no additional square above the threads and below the head. There is still a short or longer smooth top of the shank of this bolt. The can be used for wood, metal or other materials depending on the thread.

Eye Bolts

This is a special type of bolt that New York City do-it-yourselfers will find comes in very handy. It has a flat end that is threaded to almost the top of the shank. However, instead of a head it curves round to form a full or almost full eye. The result is a bolt that is a natural for hanging any type of rope or chain either inside or outside. They can also be used to close gates, screen doors and anything else both inside and out.

Having different lengths and sizes of bolts, New York City handymen will tell you, is a good option for any homeowner. In addition you will need the correct sized nuts and washers to ensure everything is secured.